的 牛津字典 有两个定义“worsted”. 的 first describes 精纺 yarn: “用精梳长绒毛纺出的细腻光滑的纱线。” 的 second describes 精纺 fabric: “Fabric made from 精纺 yarn, having a close-textured surface with no nap.”精纺可用于指代由这种纱线制成的织物中的任何一种羊毛纱，但这是织物的非常笼统的术语。
精纺羊毛通常被认为是一种细腻，光滑的羊毛织物，没有明显的质感，但并非总是如此。人们谈论精纺羊毛西装的布料时，’通常谈论的是平纹或平斜纹织物，例如serge或prunelle，但术语“worsted wool”仅靠编织本身并不能指定编织，重量或最适合的用途。“Worsted wool”仅描述了织物的羊毛类型，根据织造和后整理的不同，羊毛最终可能以多种形式出现。
Worsted yarns contrast with woollen yarns, which are carded rather than combed and fuzzier than 精纺 yarns. Woollen yarns are used for flannel, tweed, melton, knitwear and felt.
精纺羊毛 can be made up into many different cloths, which may be appropriate for suits, jacket and/or trousers. 的 following cloths, categorised by weave, are just some of the common forms of 精纺羊毛.
热带羊毛 is a loosely woven plain-weave 精纺 in a light weight. It makes for good summer suits and trousers, though basic tropical wool wrinkles more than other 精纺s.
霍普萨克 is a 精纺羊毛 in a basketweave, where multiple yarns pass over 上 e or more yarns in a group. It makes for a textured and airy fabric, and it is commonly used for blazers and sometimes for suits and trousers. Fine checks are often woven in a hopsack weave.
斜纹是斜纹罗纹编织家族，这些罗纹被称为“wales”. A twill 精纺 usually is a right-hand twill, with the ribs pointing up to the right. It is also known as a “Z”斜纹，字母后’s diagonal stroke.
One of the most standard 精纺 cloths is serge, which is woven in an even twill with a 45-degree wale 上 both sides of the cloth. This is commonly used for suits, blazers, trousers and military uniforms. In heavy weights it is used for coats. Sometimes it is woven with both 精纺 and woollen yarns, but typically it is all 精纺.
精纺法兰绒 is a 精纺羊毛 (usually in an even twill weave like serge) with its surface brushed to resemble a fuzzy woollen flannel. Compared to woollen flannel, its 精纺 cousin is more durable and can be woven in lighter weights, but woollen flannel is the more genuine type with a more interesting texture and wears warmer in cold weater. James Bond typically prefers his flannels in woollen rather than 精纺.
夏枯草 is a smooth 45-degree twill with ribs 上 上 e side, commonly used for suits and trousers. This is 上 e of the standard 精纺 cloths.
华达呢 is commonly made of either 精纺, cotton, polyester, or blends of any of these fibres. In any case it is a durable tightly woven steep twill that is made in light to moderately heavy weights. It is good for trousers and suits.
A steep double twill, cavalry twill is a heavy and hard-wearing cloth. It is best used for trousers. Sometimes it is woven with both 精纺 and woollen yarns.
鸟眼 is a specific weave used with 精纺羊毛 that can create the birdseye pattern, which is small dots 上 a diagonal repeat. Is best used for suits.
巴拉特亚 is a 精纺 with a pebbled appearance, woven in a hopsack twill weave. Traditionally it was a heavy weight but now can be found in light weights. It is used for more formal clothes such as dinner suits, tailcoats and morning coats. Also spelled 巴拉提亚.
精纺羊毛 can be blended with other fibres, such as mohair, silk, cashmere or cotton. James Bond commonly wears 精纺 and mohair blended suits, which are usually woven in a plain weave. Many of his fancier suits and dinner suits are made of 精纺 and mohair blends.